Difference Between Frontend and Backend Website Development
The two most popular terms used in the web industry are Frontend and Backend, but the difference between the two is very complex. They are the two most fundamental software engineering components that play an important role in the development of the web. A frontend is what you see and interact with and backend is how all of it works. The frontend can refer to the graphical user interface, while the backend is the part of the website with which you (the user) can not see or interact. The two terms are very crucial to web development, but they are very different from each other. Although they are definitely distinctive terms with their own role, they are like two sides of the same coin. The functionality of a website depends on each as a single unit interacting with each other. This article explains the difference between both the Frontend and Backend :-
What is Frontend?
The frontend is the part of the website that you can see and interact with directly in order to receive the backend capabilities of the system. It involves everything that the user can see, touch and experience. The role of a web designer has changed dramatically over the years but the core functions of website development remain the same. The frontend is all about the bells and whistles you see on the website like the graphical user interface including the flashy buttons, colorful images, navigation menus, etc.
What is Backend?
Backend, also referred to as the “server-side”, is the part of the website which you cannot see and interact with. Basically, everything that happens behind the scenes can be attributed to backend web development. It is all about how the website works; it’s more like an indirect service provider for frontend development. It’s the part of the system that doesn’t come in direct contact with the users. Unlike frontend, it runs on the server side but communicates with the frontend to ensure everything works fine. In every application, there’s also a significant portion of non-user interface code that deals with all the complex systems that happen in the background. The people who deal with backend are usually programmers and developers.
The backend developers handle everything that doesn’t involve producing a user-interface such as writing APIs, creating libraries, or adding utilities to everything the web designer creates. They facilitate communication between the presentation layer and the business layer. They play a crucial role in web development and their role is highly collaborative as opposed to the frontend web designers. In short, backend web development is the combination of development and maintenance of core functional logic of a software application. In simple terms, backend developers write code to make sure everything works fine at the frontend. They tend to spend more time figuring out logic and implementing algorithms than web designers to ensure the website functions properly. It’s the brain of a website.
Summary of Frontend vs Backend
While both frontend and backend form the basis of how a website works, they have their fair share of differences in terms of functionality. Despite everything, they are like two sides of the same coin. While the former is everything a user sees and interacts with, the latter is what a user cannot see. Front-end refers to the client-side, whereas backend refers to the server-side of the application. Both are crucial to web development, but their roles, responsibilities and the environments they work in are totally different. The frontend is basically what users see whereas backend is how everything works.
Should I pursue back-end or front-end development?
Correct answer is: Why not both?
Can you learn both? Yep. I don’t think you should limit yourself if you can help it. Knowing more is never a bad thing. Being good at all, but not a master is an alright place to be in, because you can always dive deeper and learn more, because that is the way of software development.